Sensory Integration Dysfunction/Sensory Processing Disorder
|Sensory Integration Dysfunction is not yet included in the DSM-IV manual but is recognized by many professionals.|
Sensory Integration Dysfunction (SID), also called sensory processing disorder is a neurological disorder causing difficulties with processing information from the five classic senses (vision, auditory, touch, smell, and taste), the sense of movement (vestibular system), and/or the positional sense (proprioception). They vary from person to person in characteristics and how severe the symptoms are. Some symptoms may include tags on clothing, bright lights, noises, smells.
Sensory Integration Dysfunction is not yet included in the DSM-IV manual but is recognized by many professionals. There is no known cure; however, there are many treatments available. Not everybody agrees that this is a disorder and it is only diagnosed when the sensory behaviour interferes significantly with all activities of daily living. Co-morbid conditions are common – anxiety, ADHD, Fragile X and Autism Spectrum Disorders to mention just a few. There are 3 types classified:
- Type I – Sensory Modulation Disorder – Under or over response to stimuli or trying to find stimulation.
- Type II – Sensory Based Motor Disorder – Output is disorganized due to processing information incorrectly.
- Type III – Sensory Discrimination Order – Sensory discrimination challenges.
Symptoms of Sensory Integration Dysfunction
(Reproduced with permission from the Apraxia-Kids Web page)
|Attention, Behaviour and Social||
As with any other disorder, if you think your child may be experiencing sensory dysfunction issues seek the help of a professional. A referral to an Occupational Therapist with knowledge of this disorder would be preferred.
Useful resources/links for Sensory Integration Dysfunction:
Apraxia Kids - www.apraxia-kids.org
Tourette Syndrome Plus - www.tourettesyndrome.net
Waterloo Region Family Network - www.wrfn.info or 519-804-1786
Sensory Processing Disorder Foundation: http://www.spdfoundation.net/about-sensory-processing-disorder.html